Plot your data I
Plot the temperature versus total energy
added to the system (which you can call \(Q\)). To do this, you will
need to integrate the power. Discuss this curve and any interesting
features you notice on it.

Plot your data II
Plot the heat capacity versus
temperature. This will be a bit trickier. You can find the heat
capacity from the previous plot by looking at the slope.
\begin{align}
C_p &= \left(\frac{\partial Q}{\partial T}\right)_p
\end{align}
This is what is called the heat capacity, which is the amount
of energy needed to change the temperature by a given amount. The
\(p\) subscript means that your measurement was made at constant
pressure. This heat capacity is actually the total heat capacity of
everything you put in the calorimeter, which includes the resistor
and thermometer.

Specific heat From your plot of \(C_p(T)\), work out the
heat capacity per unit mass of water. You may assume the effect of
the resistor and thermometer are negligible. How does your answer
compare with the prediction of the Dulong-Petit law?

Latent heat of fusion
What did the temperature do while the ice was melting? How much
energy was required to melt the ice in your calorimeter? How much
energy was required per unit mass? per molecule?

Entropy of fusion The change in entropy is easy to measure for a
reversible isothermal process (such as the slow melting of ice),
it is just
\begin{align}
\Delta S &= \frac{Q}{T}
\end{align}
where \(Q\) is the energy thermally added to the system and \(T\) is
the temperature in Kelvin. What is was change in the entropy of
the ice you melted? What was the change in entropy per
molecule? What was the change in entropy per molecule divided
by Boltzmann's constant?

Entropy for a temperature change Choose two temperatures
that your water reached (after the ice melted), and find the change
in the entropy of your water. This change is given by
\begin{align}
\Delta S &= \int \frac{{\mathit{\unicode{273}}} Q}{T} \\
&= \int_{t_i}^{t_f} \frac{P(t)}{T(t)}dt
\end{align}
where \(P(t)\) is the heater power as a function of time and \(T(t)\) is
the temperature, also as a function of time.