Representations of the Infinite Square WellConsider three particles of mass \(m\) which are each in an infinite square well potential at \(0<x<L\).
The energy eigenstates of the infinite square well are:
\[ \phi_n(x) = \sqrt{\frac{2}{L}}\sin{\left(\frac{n \pi x}{L}\right)}\]
with energies \(E_n = \frac{n^2 \pi^2 \hbar^2}{2mL^2}\)
The particles are initially in the states, respectively: \begin{eqnarray*} |\psi_a(0)\rangle &=& A \Big[ \left|{\phi_1}\right\rangle + 2i \left|{\phi_4}\right\rangle - 3\left|{\phi_{10}}\right\rangle \Big]\\[6pt] \psi_b(x,0) &=& B \left[ \sqrt{\frac{2}{L}}\sin{\left(\frac{\pi x}{L}\right)} + i \sqrt{\frac{8}{L}}\sin{\left(\frac{4\pi x}{L}\right)} - \sqrt{\frac{18}{L}}\sin{\left(\frac{10\pi x}{L}\right)} \right]\\[6pt] \psi_c(x,0) &=& C x(x-L) \end{eqnarray*}
Give these prompts out one at a time.For each particle:
- Determine the normalization constant.
- At \(t=0\) what is the probability of measuring the energy of the particle to be \(\frac{8\pi^2\hbar^2}{mL^2}\)?
- Find state of the particle at a later time \(t\).
- What is the probability of measuring the energy of the particle to be the same value \(\frac{8\pi^2\hbar^2}{mL^2}\) at a later time \(t\)?
- What is the probability of finding the particle to be in the first half of the well?