## Series Notation 2

• This problem is used in the following sequences
• assignment Series Notation 1

assignment Homework

##### Series Notation 1

Power Series Sequence (E&M)

Static Fields 2022 (4 years)

Write out the first four nonzero terms in the series:

1. $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{n!}$

2. $\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^n}{n!}$
3. $$\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty {(-2)^{n}\,\theta^{2n}}$$

• assignment Mass of a Slab

assignment Homework

##### Mass of a Slab
Static Fields 2022 (4 years)

Determine the total mass of each of the slabs below.

1. A square slab of side length $L$ with thickness $h$, resting on a table top at $z=0$, whose mass density is given by $$\rho=A\pi\sin(\pi z/h).$$
2. A square slab of side length $L$ with thickness $h$, resting on a table top at $z=0$, whose mass density is given by $$\rho = 2A \Big( \Theta(z)-\Theta(z-h) \Big)$$
3. An infinitesimally thin square sheet of side length $L$, resting on a table top at $z=0$, whose surface density is given by $\sigma=2Ah$.
4. An infinitesimally thin square sheet of side length $L$, resting on a table top at $z=0$, whose mass density is given by $\rho=2Ah\,\delta(z)$.
5. What are the dimensions of $A$?
6. Write several sentences comparing your answers to the different cases above.

• assignment Total Charge

assignment Homework

##### Total Charge
charge density curvilinear coordinates

Integration Sequence

Static Fields 2022 (4 years)

For each case below, find the total charge.

1. A positively charged (dielectric) spherical shell of inner radius $a$ and outer radius $b$ with a spherically symmetric internal charge density $$\rho(\vec{r})=3\alpha\, e^{(kr)^3}$$
2. A positively charged (dielectric) cylindrical shell of inner radius $a$ and outer radius $b$ with a cylindrically symmetric internal charge density $$\rho(\vec{r})=\alpha\, \frac{1}{s}\, e^{ks}$$

• assignment Power Series Coefficients 2

assignment Homework

##### Power Series Coefficients 2
Static Fields 2022 (4 years) Use the formula for a Taylor series: $f(z)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n!} \frac{d^n f(a)}{dz^n} (z-a)^n$ to find the first three non-zero terms of a series expansion for $f(z)=e^{-kz}$ around $z=3$.
• assignment Power Series Coefficients 3

assignment Homework

##### Power Series Coefficients 3
Static Fields 2022 (4 years) Use the formula for a Taylor series: $f(z)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n!} \frac{d^n f(a)}{dz^n} (z-a)^n$ to find the first three non-zero terms of a series expansion for $f(z)=\cos(kz)$ around $z=2$.
• assignment Memorize Power Series

assignment Homework

##### Memorize Power Series

Power Series Sequence (E&M)

Static Fields 2022 (2 years)

Look up and memorize the power series to fourth order for $e^z$, $\sin z$, $\cos z$, $(1+z)^p$ and $\ln(1+z)$. For what values of $z$ do these series converge?

• assignment Series Convergence

assignment Homework

##### Series Convergence

Power Series Sequence (E&M)

Static Fields 2022 (4 years)

Recall that, if you take an infinite number of terms, the series for $\sin z$ and the function itself $f(z)=\sin z$ are equivalent representations of the same thing for all real numbers $z$, (in fact, for all complex numbers $z$). This is not always true. More commonly, a series is only a valid, equivalent representation of a function for some more restricted values of $z$. The technical name for this idea is convergence--the series only "converges" to the value of the function on some restricted domain, called the “interval” or “region of convergence.”

Find the power series for the function $f(z)=\frac{1}{1+z^2}$. Then, using the Mathematica worksheet from class (vfpowerapprox.nb) as a model, or some other computer algebra system like Sage or Maple, explore the convergence of this series. Where does your series for this new function converge? Can you tell anything about the region of convergence from the graphs of the various approximations? Print out a plot and write a brief description (a sentence or two) of the region of convergence. You may need to include a lot of terms to see the effect of the region of convergence. Keep adding terms until you see a really strong effect!

Note: As a matter of professional ettiquette (or in some cases, as a legal copyright requirement), if you use or modify a computer program written by someone else, you should always acknowledge that fact briefly in whatever you write up. Say something like: “This calculation was based on a (name of software package) program titled (title) originally written by (author) copyright (copyright date).”

• computer Approximating Functions with Power Series

computer Computer Simulation

30 min.

##### Approximating Functions with Power Series
Static Fields 2022 (7 years)

Power Series Sequence (E&M)

Students use prepared Sage code or a prepared Mathematica notebook to plot $\sin\theta$ simultaneously with several terms of a power series expansion to judge how well the approximation fits. Students can alter the worksheet to change the number of terms in the expansion and even to change the function that is being considered. Students should have already calculated the coefficients for the power series expansion in a previous activity, Calculating Coefficients for a Power Series.
• group Magnetic Field Due to a Spinning Ring of Charge

group Small Group Activity

30 min.

##### Magnetic Field Due to a Spinning Ring of Charge
Static Fields 2022 (5 years)

Power Series Sequence (E&M)

Ring Cycle Sequence

Students work in groups of three to use the Biot-Savart law $\vec{B}(\vec{r}) =\frac{\mu_0}{4\pi}\int\frac{\vec{J}(\vec{r}^{\,\prime})\times \left(\vec{r}-\vec{r}^{\,\prime}\right)}{\vert \vec{r}-\vec{r}^{\,\prime}\vert^3} \, d\tau^{\prime}$ to find an integral expression for the magnetic field, $\vec{B}(\vec{r})$, due to a spinning ring of charge.

In an optional extension, students find a series expansion for $\vec{B}(\vec{r})$ either on the axis or in the plane of the ring, for either small or large values of the relevant geometric variable. Add an extra half hour or more to the time estimate for the optional extension.

• group Magnetic Vector Potential Due to a Spinning Charged Ring

group Small Group Activity

30 min.

##### Magnetic Vector Potential Due to a Spinning Charged Ring
Static Fields 2022 (4 years)

Power Series Sequence (E&M)

Ring Cycle Sequence

Students work in groups of three to use the superposition principle $\vec{A}(\vec{r}) =\frac{\mu_0}{4\pi}\int\frac{\vec{J}(\vec{r}^{\,\prime})}{\vert \vec{r}-\vec{r}^{\,\prime}\vert}\, d\tau^{\prime}$ to find an integral expression for the magnetic vector potential, $\vec{A}(\vec{r})$, due to a spinning ring of charge.

In an optional extension, students find a series expansion for $\vec{A}(\vec{r})$ either on the axis or in the plane of the ring, for either small or large values of the relevant geometric variable. Add an extra half hour or more to the time estimate for the optional extension.

• Static Fields 2022 (4 years)

Write (a good guess for) the following series using sigma $\left(\sum\right)$ notation. (If you only know a few terms of a series, you don't know for sure how the series continues.)

1. $1 - 2\,\theta^2 + 4\,\theta^4 - 8\,\theta^6 +\,\dots$

2. $\frac14 - \frac19 + \frac{1}{16} - \frac{1}{25}+\,\dots$