Find Area/Volume from $d\vec{r}$

    • group Scalar Surface and Volume Elements

      group Small Group Activity

      30 min.

      Scalar Surface and Volume Elements
      Static Fields 2022 (7 years)

      Integration Sequence

      Students use known algebraic expressions for length elements \(d\ell\) to determine all simple scalar area \(dA\) and volume elements \(d\tau\) in cylindrical and spherical coordinates.

      This activity is identical to Vector Surface and Volume Elements except uses a scalar approach to find surface, and volume elements.

    • group Vector Surface and Volume Elements

      group Small Group Activity

      30 min.

      Vector Surface and Volume Elements
      Static Fields 2022 (4 years)

      Integration Sequence

      Students use known algebraic expressions for vector line elements \(d\vec{r}\) to determine all simple vector area \(d\vec{A}\) and volume elements \(d\tau\) in cylindrical and spherical coordinates.

      This activity is identical to Scalar Surface and Volume Elements except uses a vector approach to find directed surface and volume elements.

    • assignment Gravitational Field and Mass

      assignment Homework

      Gravitational Field and Mass
      Static Fields 2022 (5 years)

      The gravitational field due to a spherical shell of matter (or equivalently, the electric field due to a spherical shell of charge) is given by: \begin{equation} \vec g = \begin{cases} 0&\textrm{for } r<a\\ -G \,\frac{M}{b^3-a^3}\, \left( r-\frac{a^3}{r^2}\right)\, \hat r & \textrm{for } a<r<b\\ -G\,\frac{M}{r^2}\, \hat r & \textrm{for } r>b \\ \end{cases} \end{equation}

      This problem explores the consequences of the divergence theorem for this shell.

      1. Using the given description of the gravitational field, find the divergence of the gravitational field everywhere in space. You will need to divide this question up into three parts: \(r<a\), \(a<r<b\), and \(r>b\).
      2. Briefly discuss the physical meaning of the divergence in this particular example.
      3. For this gravitational field, verify the divergence theorem on a sphere, concentric with the shell, with radius \(Q\), where \(a<Q<b\). ("Verify" the divergence theorem means calculate the integrals from both sides of the divergence theorem and show that they give the same answer.)
      4. Briefly discuss how this example would change if you were discussing the electric field of a uniformly charged spherical shell.

    • assignment Flux through a Plane

      assignment Homework

      Flux through a Plane
      Static Fields 2022 (4 years) Find the upward pointing flux of the vector field \(\boldsymbol{\vec{H}}=2z\,\boldsymbol{\hat{x}} +\frac{1}{x^2+1}\boldsymbol{\hat{y}}+(3+2z)\boldsymbol{\hat{z}}\) through the rectangle \(R\) with one edge along the \(y\) axis and the other in the \(xz\)-plane along the line \(z=x\), with \(0\le y\le2\) and \(0\le x\le3\).
    • assignment Electric Field and Charge

      assignment Homework

      Electric Field and Charge
      divergence charge density Maxwell's equations electric field Static Fields 2022 (4 years) Consider the electric field \begin{equation} \vec E(r,\theta,\phi) = \begin{cases} 0&\textrm{for } r<a\\ \frac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_0} \,\frac{Q}{b^3-a^3}\, \left( r-\frac{a^3}{r^2}\right)\, \hat r & \textrm{for } a<r<b\\ 0 & \textrm{for } r>b \\ \end{cases} \end{equation}
      1. Use step and/or delta functions to write this electric field as a single expression valid everywhere in space.
      2. Find a formula for the charge density that creates this electric field.
      3. Interpret your formula for the charge density, i.e. explain briefly in words where the charge is.
    • assignment Flux through a Paraboloid

      assignment Homework

      Flux through a Paraboloid
      Static Fields 2022 (6 years)

      Find the upward pointing flux of the electric field \(\vec E =E_0\, z\, \hat z\) through the part of the surface \(z=-3 s^2 +12\) (cylindrical coordinates) that sits above the \((x, y)\)--plane.

    • assignment Cone Surface

      assignment Homework

      Cone Surface
      Static Fields 2022 (6 years)

      • Find \(dA\) on the surface of an (open) cone in both cylindrical and spherical coordinates. Hint: Be smart about how you coordinatize the cone.
      • Using integration, find the surface area of an (open) cone with height \(H\) and radius \(R\). Do this problem in both cylindrical and spherical coordinates.

    • group Static Fields Equation Sheet

      group Small Group Activity

      5 min.

      Static Fields Equation Sheet
      Static Fields 2022 (4 years)
    • group Generalized Leibniz Notation

      group Small Group Activity

      10 min.

      Generalized Leibniz Notation
      Static Fields 2022 (5 years) This short small group activity introduces students to the Leibniz notation used for partial derivatives in thermodynamics; unlike standard Leibniz notation, this notation explicitly specifies constant variables. Students are guided in linking the variables from a contextless Leibniz-notation partial derivative to their proper variable categories.
    • assignment Zapping With d 1

      assignment Homework

      Zapping With d 1
      Energy and Entropy 2021 (2 years)

      Find the differential of each of the following expressions; zap each of the following with \(d\):

      1. \[f=3x-5z^2+2xy\]

      2. \[g=\frac{c^{1/2}b}{a^2}\]

      3. \[h=\sin^2(\omega t)\]

      4. \[j=a^x\]

      5. \[k=5 \tan\left(\ln{\left(\frac{V_1}{V_2}\right)}\right)\]

  • Static Fields 2022 (5 years)

    Start with \(d\vec{r}\) in rectangular, cylindrical, and spherical coordinates. Use these expressions to write the scalar area elements \(dA\) (for different coordinate equals constant surfaces) and the volume element \(d\tau\). It might help you to think of the following surfaces: The various sides of a rectangular box, a finite cylinder with a top and a bottom, a half cylinder, and a hemisphere with both a curved and a flat side, and a cone.

    1. Rectangular: \begin{align} dA&=\\ d\tau&= \end{align}
    2. Cylindrical: \begin{align} dA&=\\ d\tau&= \end{align}
    3. Spherical: \begin{align} dA&=\\ d\tau&= \end{align}