*group*Magnetic Vector Potential Due to a Spinning Charged Ring*group*Small Group Activity30 min.

##### Magnetic Vector Potential Due to a Spinning Charged Ring

Static Fields 2023 (6 years)compare and contrast mathematica magnetic vector potential magnetic fields vector field symmetry

Students work in small groups to use the superposition principle \[\vec{A}(\vec{r}) =\frac{\mu_0}{4\pi}\int\frac{\vec{J}(\vec{r}^{\,\prime})}{\vert \vec{r}-\vec{r}^{\,\prime}\vert}\, d\tau^{\prime}\] to find an integral expression for the magnetic vector potential, \(\vec{A}(\vec{r})\), due to a spinning ring of charge.

In an optional extension, students find a series expansion for \(\vec{A}(\vec{r})\) either on the axis or in the plane of the ring, for either small or large values of the relevant geometric variable. Add an extra half hour or more to the time estimate for the optional extension.

*group*Magnetic Field Due to a Spinning Ring of Charge*group*Small Group Activity30 min.

##### Magnetic Field Due to a Spinning Ring of Charge

Static Fields 2023 (7 years)magnetic fields current Biot-Savart law vector field symmetry

Students work in small groups to use the Biot-Savart law \[\vec{B}(\vec{r}) =\frac{\mu_0}{4\pi}\int\frac{\vec{J}(\vec{r}^{\,\prime})\times \left(\vec{r}-\vec{r}^{\,\prime}\right)}{\vert \vec{r}-\vec{r}^{\,\prime}\vert^3} \, d\tau^{\prime}\] to find an integral expression for the magnetic field, \(\vec{B}(\vec{r})\), due to a spinning ring of charge.

In an optional extension, students find a series expansion for \(\vec{B}(\vec{r})\) either on the axis or in the plane of the ring, for either small or large values of the relevant geometric variable. Add an extra half hour or more to the time estimate for the optional extension.

*assignment*Current from a Spinning Cylinder*assignment*Homework##### Current from a Spinning Cylinder

A solid cylinder with radius \(R\) and height \(H\) has its base on the \(x,y\)-plane and is symmetric around the \(z\)-axis. There is a fixed volume charge density on the cylinder \(\rho=\alpha z\). If the cylinder is spinning with period \(T\):- Find the volume current density.
- Find the total current.

*assignment*Total Current, Circular Cross Section*assignment*Homework##### Total Current, Circular Cross Section

Static Fields 2023 (5 years)A current \(I\) flows down a cylindrical wire of radius \(R\).

- If it is uniformly distributed over the surface, give a formula for the surface current density \(\vec K\).
- If it is distributed in such a way that the volume current density, \(|\vec J|\), is inversely proportional to the distance from the axis, give a formula for \(\vec J\).

*assignment*Current in a Wire*assignment*Homework##### Current in a Wire

Static Fields 2023 (4 years) The current density in a cylindrical wire of radius \(R\) is given by \(\vec{J}(\vec{r})=\alpha s^3\cos^2\phi\,\hat{z}\). Find the total current in the wire.*accessibility_new*Acting Out Current Density*accessibility_new*Kinesthetic10 min.

##### Acting Out Current Density

Static Fields 2023 (6 years)Steady current current density magnetic field idealization

Students, pretending they are point charges, move around the room so as to make an imaginary magnetic field meter register a constant magnetic field, introducing the concept of*steady current*. Students act out linear \(\vec{I}\), surface \(\vec{K}\), and volume \(\vec{J}\) current densities. The instructor demonstrates what it means to measure these quantities by counting how many students pass through a gate.*assignment*Total Current, Square Cross-Section*assignment*Homework##### Total Current, Square Cross-Section

Static Fields 2023 (6 years)- Current \(I\) flows down a wire with square cross-section. The length of the square side is \(L\). If the current is uniformly distributed over the entire area, find the current density .
- If the current is uniformly distributed over the outer surface only, find the current density .

*group*Static Fields Equation Sheet*format_list_numbered*Ring Cycle Sequence*format_list_numbered*Sequence##### Ring Cycle Sequence

Students calculate electrostatic fields (\(V\), \(\vec{E}\)) and magnetostatic fields (\(\vec{A}\), \(\vec{B}\)) from charge and current sources with a common geometry. The sequence of activities is arranged so that the mathematical complexity of the formulas students encounter increases with each activity. Several auxiliary activities allow students to focus on the geometric/physical meaning of the distance formula, charge densities, and steady currents. A meta goal of the entire sequence is that students gain confidence in their ability to parse and manipulate complicated equations.*assignment_ind*Magnetic Moment \& Stern-Gerlach Experiments*assignment_ind*Small White Board Question30 min.

##### Magnetic Moment & Stern-Gerlach Experiments

Quantum Fundamentals 2023 (3 years)Angular Momentum Spin Magnetic Moment Stern-Gerlach Experiments

Students consider the relation (1) between the angular momentum and magnetic moment for a current loop and (2) the force on a magnetic moment in an inhomogeneous magnetic field. Students make a (classical) prediction of the outcome of a Stern-Gerlach experiment.-
Static Fields 2023 (4 years)
Consider the magnetic field
\[
\vec{B}(s,\phi,z)=
\begin{cases}
0&0\le s<a\\
\alpha \frac{1}{s}(s^4-a^4)\, \hat{\phi}&a<s<b\\
0&s>b
\end{cases}
\]
- Use step and/or delta functions to write this magnetic field as a single expression valid everywhere in space.
- Find a formula for the current density that creates this magnetic field.
- Interpret your formula for the current density, i.e. explain briefly in words where the current is.