Translating Contours

    • assignment Lines in Polar Coordinates

      assignment Homework

      Lines in Polar Coordinates
      Central Forces 2023 (3 years)

      The general equation for a straight line in polar coordinates is given by: \begin{equation} r(\phi)=\frac{r_0}{\cos(\phi-\delta)} \end{equation} where \(r_0\) and \(\delta\) are constant parameters. Find the polar equation for the straight lines below. You do NOT need to evaluate any complicated trig or inverse trig functions. You may want to try plotting the general polar equation to figure out the roles of the parameters.

      1. \(y=3\)
      2. \(x=3\)
      3. \(y=-3x+2\)

    • assignment Contours

      assignment Homework

      Contours

      Gradient Sequence

      Static Fields 2022 (5 years)

      Shown below is a contour plot of a scalar field, \(\mu(x,y)\). Assume that \(x\) and \(y\) are measured in meters and that \(\mu\) is measured in kilograms. Four points are indicated on the plot.

      1. Determine \(\frac{\partial\mu}{\partial x}\) and \(\frac{\partial\mu}{\partial y}\) at each of the four points.
      2. On a printout of the figure, draw a qualitatively accurate vector at each point corresponding to the gradient of \(\mu(x,y)\) using your answers to part a above. How did you choose a scale for your vectors? Describe how the direction of the gradient vector is related to the contours on the plot and what property of the contour map is related to the magnitude of the gradient vector.
      3. Evaluate the gradient of \(h(x,y)=(x+1)^2\left(\frac{x}{2}-\frac{y}{3}\right)^3\) at the point \((x,y)=(3,-2)\).

    • group Charged Sphere

      group Small Group Activity

      30 min.

      Charged Sphere

      E&M Introductory Physics Electric Potential Electric Field

      Students use a plastic surface representing the potential due to a charged sphere to explore the electrostatic potential, equipotential lines, and the relationship between potential and electric field.
    • accessibility_new Acting Out Current Density

      accessibility_new Kinesthetic

      10 min.

      Acting Out Current Density
      Static Fields 2022 (5 years)

      Steady current current density magnetic field idealization

      Ring Cycle Sequence

      Integration Sequence

      Students, pretending they are point charges, move around the room so as to make an imaginary magnetic field meter register a constant magnetic field, introducing the concept of steady current. Students act out linear \(\vec{I}\), surface \(\vec{K}\), and volume \(\vec{J}\) current densities. The instructor demonstrates what it means to measure these quantities by counting how many students pass through a gate.
    • assignment Reduced Mass

      assignment Homework

      Reduced Mass
      Central Forces 2023 (3 years)

      Using your favorite graphing package, make a plot of the reduced mass \begin{equation} \mu=\frac{m_1\, m_2}{m_1+m_2} \end{equation} as a function of \(m_1\) and \(m_2\). What about the shape of this graph tells you something about the physical world that you would like to remember. You should be able to find at least three things. Hint: Think limiting cases.

    • group Quantum Measurement Play

      group Small Group Activity

      30 min.

      Quantum Measurement Play
      Quantum Fundamentals 2022 (2 years)

      Quantum Measurement Projection Operators Spin-1/2

      The instructor and students do a skit where students represent quantum states that are “measured” by the instructor resulting in a state collapse.
    • assignment Events on Spacetime Diagrams

      assignment Homework

      Events on Spacetime Diagrams
      Special Relativity Spacetime Diagram Simultaneity Colocation Theoretical Mechanics (4 years)
        1. Which pairs of events (if any) are simultaneous in the unprimed frame?

        2. Which pairs of events (if any) are simultaneous in the primed frame?

        3. Which pairs of events (if any) are colocated in the unprimed frame?

        4. Which pairs of events (if any) are colocated in the primed frame?

      1. For each of the figures, answer the following questions:
        1. Which event occurs first in the unprimed frame?

        2. Which event occurs first in the primed frame?

    • group Events on Spacetime Diagrams

      group Small Group Activity

      5 min.

      Events on Spacetime Diagrams
      Theoretical Mechanics 2021

      Special Relativity Spacetime Diagrams Simultaneity Colocation

      Students practice identifying whether events on spacetime diagrams are simultaneous, colocated, or neither for different observers. Then students decide which of two events occurs first in two different reference frames.
    • assignment Divergence

      assignment Homework

      Divergence
      Static Fields 2022 (5 years)

      Shown above is a two-dimensional vector field.

      Determine whether the divergence at point A and at point C is positive, negative, or zero.

    • group Electrostatic Potential Due to a Pair of Charges (without Series)

      group Small Group Activity

      30 min.

      Electrostatic Potential Due to a Pair of Charges (without Series)
      Static Fields 2022 (3 years) Students work in small groups to use the superposition principle \[V(\vec{r}) = \frac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_0}\sum_i \frac{q_i}{\vert\vec{r}-\vec{r}_i\vert}\] to find the electrostatic potential \(V\) everywhere in space due to a pair of charges (either identical charges or a dipole). This activity can be paired with activity 29 to find the limiting cases of the potential on the axes of symmetry.
  • Energy and Entropy 2021 (2 years)

    Consider the diagram of \(T\) vs \(V\) for several different constant values of \(p\).

    1. Translate this diagram to a \(p\) vs \(V\) w/ constant \(T\) graph, including the point \(A\). Complete your graph by hand and make a fairly accurate sketch by printing out the attached grid or in some other way making nice square axes with appropriate tick marks.

    2. Are the lines that you drew straight or curved? What feature of the \(TV\) graph would have to change to change this result?

    3. Sketch the line of constant temperature that passes through the point \(A\).

    4. What are the values of all the thermodynamic variables associated with the point A?

  • Media & Figures
    • figures/PV_Solution.png
    • figures/PV.png
    • figures/TV.png