Students compute surface integrals and explore their interpretation as flux.
A fishing net \(S\) is in the shape of a triangular trough, as shown in the picture. The triangular sides are at \(x=0\) and \(x=5\), the rectangular sides are at \(45^\circ\) to the vertical, and the bottom is at \(z=0\); all lengths are measured in \(\hbox{cm}\). There is no netting across the top, which is at \(z=1\). Water is draining out of the net; the motion of the water is described by the vector field \(\boldsymbol{\vec{F}} = \rho \left( a e^{\kappa z^2}\boldsymbol{\hat{y}} - b\,\boldsymbol{\hat{z}} \right)\) where \(a=3\,{\hbox{cm}\over\hbox{s}}\), \(b=5\,{\hbox{cm}\over\hbox{s}}\), \(\kappa=2\,{\hbox{cm}^{-2}}\), and \(\rho\) is the (constant) density of the water in \(\hbox{g}\over\hbox{cm}^3\). The goal of this problem is to find the best way to evaluate the flux \[\int\!\!\int \boldsymbol{\vec{F}}\cdot d\boldsymbol{\vec{S}}\] of water down through \(S\).